Condominium and homeowners associations in Connecticut must adhere to the laws in their state. But, what are the Connecticut HOA laws you should know?
To form a common interest community in Connecticut, associations must create a declaration and community rules. These documents must be filed in the government office where every portion of the community is located. A community’s declaration must consist of several items, including but not limited to:
The Connecticut Condominium Act of 1976 controls the creation, management, authority, and operation of condominium associations established prior to January 1, 1984. You will find this Act within the Connecticut General Statutes.
The Connecticut Common Interest Ownership Act oversees the formation, alteration, termination, sale, and management of common interest communities established after January 1, 1984. This includes homeowners associations, condominiums, and cooperatives. Some sections of this Act also apply to communities established prior to January 1, 1984.
You can find this Act within Conn. Gen. Stat. Sections 47-200 through 47-299.
When it comes to corporate procedure and structure, associations should look to the Connecticut Revised Nonstock Corporation Act. This Act governs nonstock corporations, which a majority of condominium and homeowners associations fall under. It consists of 15 parts, each one divided further into sections.
According to Section 47-261e of the Connecticut General Statutes, homeowners associations have the power to propose special assessments. But, for any assessment exceeding 15 percent of the previous year’s budget, the HOA board will require approval from the membership. The vote must take place at a meeting where there is a quorum.
The board must notify homeowners of the meeting at least 10 days but not more than 60 days prior to the meeting. This same stipulation applies if the board adopts a special assessment that does not require approval.
Members have a right to request and inspect associations records as stipulated in Conn. Gen. Stat. Section 47-260. Association records include but are not limited to the following:
In terms of Fair Housing HOA laws in Connecticut, associations must check the Connecticut Human Rights and Opportunities Law. Under this law, associations can’t discriminate against persons based on their race, color, ancestry, national origin, creed, sex, gender identity, gender expression, age, marital status, familial status, veteran status, or source of income. This relates to discrimination when it comes to housing opportunities and works similarly to the federal Fair Housing Act.
Section 46a-64 of the Connecticut Human Rights and Opportunities Law also provides protection against discriminatory public accommodations practices. It applies mostly to the common areas of a community and works similarly to the Americans with Disabilities Act.