There are certain Idaho HOA laws that homeowners associations must follow, though not many know what they are. Let’s take a deeper look at these laws below.
The Idaho Condominium Property Act governs the management and operations of condominium associations as well as their creation and powers. This Act details insurance requirements, common element maintenance, and the retention of records for condominiums. It does not apply to homeowners associations.
You can find the Idaho Condominium Property Act under Title 55, Chapter 15 of the Idaho Statutes. It consists of 28 sections, namely:
Most homeowners associations in Idaho are considered non-profit corporations. And for non-profit corporations, there are two Acts that govern their corporate procedure and structure. The first is the Idaho Nonprofit Corporation Act, which is specifically designed for incorporated non-profits. The second is the Idaho Unincorporated Nonprofit Associations Act, which is for unincorporated non-profits.
You can find the Idaho Nonprofit Corporation Act under Title 30, Chapter 30 of the Idaho Statutes. It consists of 12 parts, each one divided further into sections.
You can find the Idaho Unincorporated Nonprofit Associations Act under Title 30, Chapter 27 of the Idaho Statutes. It consists of 19 sections, namely:
Idaho currently does not have a specific statute geared towards homeowners associations. Such associations either follow the Idaho Nonprofit Corporation Act or the Idaho Unincorporated Nonprofit Associations Act. But, under the Idaho Statutes, there is a section that outlines certain prohibited conducts for HOAs.
Some examples of prohibited conduct found under the Idaho Statutes Section 55-115 include but are not limited to:
The Idaho Collection Agency Act governs the activities of debt collectors. According to the Act, debt collectors must secure a permit to perform collection activities in Idaho. Additionally, debt collectors must follow the provisions laid out in the federal Fair Debt Collection Practices Act. You can find the Idaho Collection Agency Act under Title 26, Chapter 22 of the Idaho Statutes.
A separate section under the Idaho Statutes governs homeowners association liens (Section 45-810). According to this section, HOAs can place a lien on the property of a homeowner who is delinquent on their dues for 12 months. The HOA must file the lien with the county in the location where the property is located. The lien must consist of the following:
The HOA laws of Idaho also protect certain classes of people from discrimination. The Idaho Fair Housing Law works similarly to the federal Fair Housing Act. Under this Idaho law, homeowners associations may not discriminate against people based on their color, race, national origin, religion, sex, or disability. It also prohibits discrimination based on age (40 years and above) and retaliation.