In Maine, homeowners associations must understand the various state laws that affect HOAs. Failure to comply with these Maine HOA laws can land the association in legal trouble.
The Maine Condominium Act offers legal guidance for the formation, alteration, management, and dissolution of condominiums. This Act applies to condominiums established after January 1, 1983. Condominiums established before that date can be subjected to this Act provided they make amendments to their instruments to indicate so.
You can find the Maine Condominium Act under Title 33, Chapter 31 of the Maine Revised Statutes. It consists of four articles, each one divided further into sections.
The Maine Unit Ownership Act is an older statute that offers a broader structure for overseeing the creation, operation, and management of condominiums established before January 1, 1983. Condominiums agree to abide by this Act through the recording of a declaration with the register of deeds in the county where the condominium resides.
You can find the Maine Unit Ownership Act under Title 33, Chapter 10 of the Maine Revised Statutes. It consists of two subchapters, each one divided further into sections.
The Maine Nonprofit Corporation Act oversees non-profit corporations in relation to their procedure, structure, and management. A majority of homeowners associations function as non-profit corporations. Therefore, they are bound by the provisions contained within this Act.
You can find the Maine Nonprofit Corporation Act under Title 13-B of the Maine Revised Statutes. It consists of 13 chapters, each one divided further into sections.
Many homeowners associations restrict the use of solar panels because they don’t coincide with the architectural guidelines of the community. A homeowner who wishes to install solar panels in Maine, though, has certain rights. According to the HOA laws of Maine, homeowners associations can’t prohibit members from installing a solar energy device on their residential property. The same law applies to condominiums and unit owners associations.
The Maine Human Rights Act protects persons from discrimination in housing and public accommodations, among other things. According to the Act, associations may not discriminate against persons based on their race, color, national origin, ancestry, sex, sexual orientation, religion, familial status, or physical or mental disability. Discrimination based on receipt of public assistance is also prohibited.
This Act offers state-level protections similar to the federal Fair Housing Act. Any victims of discriminatory acts or practices can file a complaint with the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development or the Maine Human Rights Commission. On the other hand, they can also file a lawsuit in federal or state court.