Like in many other states, Nevada has laws regulating homeowners associations and condominiums. The key to remaining compliant with these Nevada HOA laws is to first understand what they are.
The Nevada Uniform Common-Interest Ownership Act applies to all common interest communities in the state. There are certain exceptions, though, such as if a planned community consists of 12 units or less. For more exceptions, see N.R.S. 116.1203 and N.R.S. 116.1201.
To create a common interest community under this Act, the association must record a declaration in every county where the property is located (N.R.S. 116.2101). It must also be indexed in the grantee’s index in the name of the association and the common interest community as well as in the grantor’s index in the name of every person executing the declaration.
You can find the Nevada Uniform Common-Interest Ownership Act under Chapter 116 of the Nevada Revised Statutes. It consists of four articles, each one divided further into sections and parts.
The Nevada Condominium Act specifically applies to condominiums in the state that have recorded diagrammatic floor plans, a signed certificate, and a survey map prior to January 1, 1992. It governs assessments, community restrictions, liens, and foreclosing on a lien.
You can find the Nevada Condominium Act under Chapter 177 of the Nevada Revised Statutes. It consists of 15 sections, listed below.
Most associations in Nevada form as non-profit corporations. Therefore, such associations must follow the Nevada Nonprofit Corporation Act, which provides guidance on corporate procedure and structure.
But, associations can also form as a profit corporation, an association, a limited-liability company, a partnership, or a trust. For associations that organize as profit corporations, they must follow the provisions set forth within the Nevada Business Corporation Act.
You can find provisions for non-profit corporations in Nevada under Chapter 82 of the Nevada Revised Statutes. It consists of 12 articles, namely:
According to the HOA laws of Nevada, there are certain restrictions homeowners associations can’t impose on the members of the community.
Nevada has its own Fair Debt Collection laws similar to the provisions found within the federal Fair Debt Collection Practices Act. Section 649.375 of the Nevada Revised Statutes covers the prohibited practices of debt collectors. Any violation of the federal FDCPA is also considered a violation of Nevada’s laws.
Victims of prohibited debt collection practices can lodge a complaint with the Federal Trade Commission, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, or Nevada’s Attorney General’s Office. On the other hand, they may also file a private lawsuit against the debt collector in federal or state court.
Nevada also has its own Fair Housing laws, modeled after the federal Fair Housing Act. According to Nevada law, housing providers may not discriminate against people based on their national origin, color, race, ancestry, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, religious creed, familial status, or disability.
Housing discrimination victims can lodge a complaint with the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development or the Nevada Equal Rights Commission. They may also file a lawsuit in federal district court.