In Utah, homeowners associations are governed by a specific statute, though there are also other statutes that apply to them. Find out what these Utah HOA laws are below.
The Utah Community Association Act regulates the creation, operation, authority, and management of homeowners associations. It covers topics such as fines, rental restrictions, budgets, notice requirements, liens, and insurance, among other things.
You can find the Utah Community Association Act under Title 57, Chapter 8a of the Utah Code. It consists of seven parts, each one divided further into sections.
The Utah Condominium Ownership Act governs the creation, powers, operation, and management of condominium associations in the state. These associations must expressly choose to follow the provisions of this Act by recording a declaration with the county recorder’s office where the property is found.
You can find the Utah Condominium Ownership Act under Title 57, Chapter 8 of the Utah Code. It consists of the following sections:
The Utah Revised Nonprofit Corporation Act regulates non-profit corporations in the state when it comes to corporate procedure and structure. Condominiums and homeowners associations that establish as non-profit corporations will have to adhere to the provisions set forth within this Act.
You can find the Utah Revised Nonprofit Corporation Act under Title 16, Chapter 6a of the Utah Code. There are 16 parts under this Act, namely:
In Utah, homeowners associations are given the power to issue fines when a member has violated a covenant or rule (Section 57-8a-208). But, if an association’s governing documents prohibit the levying of fines, then they may not do so. Before an HOA can issue a fine, it must accomplish the following:
Homeowners associations may only charge a fine for a violation of a covenant, condition, restriction, or rule specifically written within the governing documents. The dollar amount must also follow the specific amount set forth within the governing documents.
According to Section 57-8a-227 of the Utah Code, homeowners associations must make documents available to lot owners for inspection or review. Lot owners may also request to copy association records. But, the HOA reserves the right to redact sensitive or confidential information such as social security numbers, bank account numbers, and any information subject to attorney-client privilege.
Under the Utah Code Section 57-8a-701 and Section 10-9a-610, homeowners associations can’t prohibit members from installing or using solar energy devices, solar energy systems, or clotheslines. This also includes solar panels. Any provisions that do so are deemed void and unenforceable. However, associations may regulate the size, placement, and location of solar energy systems, provided they don’t affect the performance or cost.
Homeowners associations can’t prohibit members from displaying the United States flag on their own property. This is according to Section 57-8a-219 of the Utah Code. But, associations can restrict flag displays on the common areas of the community.
The HOA laws of Utah also extend to preventing housing discrimination. The Utah Fair Housing Act protects citizens from housing discrimination based on national origin, race, color, sex, gender identity, sexual orientation, religion, source of income, familial status, or disability. It is similar to the federal Fair Housing Act.
Housing discrimination victims in Utah may report the matter to the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development or the Utah Antidiscrimination and Labor Division. On the other hand, victims can also choose to file a private lawsuit in federal or state court.